file

1.
n. & v.
—n.
1 a folder, box, etc., for holding loose papers, esp. arranged for reference.
2 a set of papers kept in this.
3 Computing a collection of (usu. related) data stored under one name.
4 a series of issues of a newspaper etc. in order.
5 a stiff pointed wire on which documents etc. are impaled for keeping.
—v.tr.
1 place (papers) in a file or among (esp. public) records.
2 submit (a petition for divorce, an application for a patent, etc.) to the appropriate authority.
3 (of a reporter) send (a story, information, etc.) to a newspaper.
Phrases and idioms:
filing cabinet a case with drawers for storing documents.
Derivatives:
filer n.
Etymology: F fil f. L filum thread
2.
n. & v.
—n.
1 a line of persons or things one behind another.
2 (foll. by of) Mil. a small detachment of men (now usu. two).
3 Chess a line of squares from player to player (cf. RANK(1)).
—v.intr. walk in a file.
Phrases and idioms:
file off (or away) Mil. go off by files.
Etymology: F file f. LL filare spin or L filum thread
3.
n. & v.
—n. a tool with a roughened surface or surfaces, usu. of steel, for smoothing or shaping wood, fingernails, etc.
—v.tr.
1 smooth or shape with a file.
2 elaborate or improve (a thing, esp. a literary work).
Phrases and idioms:
file away remove (roughness etc.) with a file. file-fish any fish of the family Ostracionidae, with sharp dorsal fins and usu. bright coloration.
Derivatives:
filer n.
Etymology: OE fil f. WG

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • file — file …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • file — [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens, puis une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • filé — file [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • File — Aktuelle Version: 5.01 (30. April 2009) Betriebssystem: Multiplattform Kategorie: Remote Access Lizenz: GPL …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • file — 1 vb filed, fil·ing vt 1 a: to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records esp. as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding filed a tax return a financing… …   Law dictionary

  • file — Aktuelle Version 5.09 (16. September 2011) Betriebssystem Multiplattform Kategorie Remote Access Lizenz BSD Lizenz Deutschsprachig nein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade}, {Filament}, {Fillet}.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as: (a) (Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File 13 — is a euphemism for the trash can. The phrase is especially used in the U.S. military, and is less common outside of the United States. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the expression round file or circular file is more common (in reference to …   Wikipedia

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe[ o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG. f[=i]la, f[=i]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf. Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — has several meanings:* Filing cabinet * File (tool) * A nail file * Filing (legal) * Filing (manufacturing process) * File (formation) Military term for a single column of men one in front of the other. See also Rank (formation) * File (chess) *… …   Wikipedia

  • filé — filé, ée 1. (fi lé, lée) part. passé. 1°   Mis sous forme de fil. Du chanvre filé.    Terme de luthier. Cordes filées, celles qui sont entourées d un fil de laiton comme la grosse corde de violon. 2°   Fig. Il se dit du fil que filent les Parques …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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